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What recent changes in retirement laws mean for you Thumbnail

What recent changes in retirement laws mean for you

I hope everyone’s 2024 is off to a good start.  I got Covid for the first time, the day before Christmas and was feeling pretty much back to normal before the New Year started so technically, January 1st. was good for me!

The Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement Act of 2019 (The government loves acronyms), popularly known as the SECURE Act, was signed into law in late 2019.

Known as SECURE Act 1.0, it included provisions that raised the requirement age for mandatory distributions from retirement accounts and increased access to retirement accounts.

But it didn’t take long for Congress to enhance the landmark bill that was enacted barely three years ago.

You can read more in this summary below:


SECURE Act 2.0, built on SECURE Act 1.0 by strengthening the financial safety net by encouraging Americans to save for retirement.

9 key takeaways on SECURE Act 2.0

1. Changing the age of the required minimum distributions. Three years ago, 1.0 increased the age for taking the required minimum distribution, or RMD, to 72 years from 70½. If you turn 72 this year, the age required for taking your RMD rises to 73 with 2.0.

If you turned 72 in 2022, you’ll remain on the prior schedule. 

If you turn 72 in 2023, you may delay your RMD until 2024, when you turn 73. Or you may push back your first RMD to April 1, 2025. Just be aware that you will be required to take two RMDs in 2025, one no later than April 1 and the second no later than December 31.

For those born 1960 or later, the age for the RMD will rise to 75.

Employees enrolled in a Roth 401(k) won't be required to take RMDs from their Roth 401(k). That begins in 2024.

In my view, the SECURE Act 1.0 and 2.0 updates were long overdue. The new rules recognize that Americans are living and working longer.

Bear in mind, even though the age when one is now required to take a distribution from their retirement plan is later, it may be prudent to take distributions sooner.  Sit down with your Certified Financial Planner™ practitioner to see what is best for you.

2. RMD penalty relief. Beginning this year, the penalty for missing a Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) is reduced to 25% from 50%. And 2.0 goes one step further. If the RMD that was missed is taken in a timely manner and the IRA account holder files an updated tax return, the penalty is reduced to 10%.

But let’s be clear, while the penalty has been reduced, you’ll still pay a penalty for missing your RMD so it is important these are taken on a timely basis.  For our clients, we make sure this is completed each year ahead of deadlines.

3. A shot in the arm for employer-sponsored plans. Too many Americans do not have access to employer plans or simply don’t participate.

Starting in 2025, companies that set up new 401(k) or 403(b) plans will be required to automatically enroll employees at a rate between 3%  and 10% of their salary. 

Employees may opt out of the employer-sponsored plan.

Exemptions apply, including small businesses (10 or fewer employees), new businesses (less than 3 years old), and church and governmental plans.

Existing plans are not subject to this provision."

Many companies with 401k plans will not need to set up autoenrollment

4. Increased catchup provisions. In 2025, 2.0 increases the catch-up provision for those between 60 and 63 from $6,500 in 2022 ($7,500 in 2023 if 50 or older) to $10,000, (the greater of $10,000 or 50% more than the regular catch-up amount). The amount is indexed to inflation.

Catch-up dollars are required to be made into a Roth IRA unless your wages are under $145,000. Contributions made into a workplace Roth, do not lower your taxable income today however, money in this bucket is not subject to RMD rules and if done correctly, are tax free upon distribution.

5. Charitable contributions. Starting in 2023, 2.0 allows a one-time, $50,000 distribution to charities through charitable gift annuities, charitable remainder unitrusts, and charitable remainder annuity trusts. One must be 70 ½ or older to take advantage of this provision.

The $50,000 limit counts toward the year’s RMD.

It also indexes an annual IRA charitable distribution limit of $100,000, known as a qualified charitable distribution, or QCD, beginning in 2023.

6. Back-door student loan relief. Starting next year, employers are allowed to match student loan payments made by their employees. The employer’s match must be directed into a retirement account, but it is an added incentive to sock away funds for retirement. 

Additional provisions

7. Disaster relief. You may withdraw up to $22,000 penalty-free from an IRA or an employer-sponsored plan for federally declared disasters. Withdrawals can be repaid to the retirement account.

8. Help for survivors. Victims of abuse may need funds for various reasons, including cash to extricate themselves from a difficult situation. 2.0 allows a victim of domestic violence to withdraw the lesser of 50% of an account or $10,000 penalty-free. 

9. Rollover of 529 plans. Starting in 2024 and subject to annual Roth contribution limits, assets in a 529 plan can be rolled into a Roth IRA, with a maximum lifetime limit of $35,000. The rollover must be in the name of the plan’s beneficiary. The 529 plan must be at least 15 years old.

In the past, families may have hesitated in fully funding 529’s. The concern was, the plan could wind up being overfunded and withdrawals would be subject to a penalty. Though there is a $35,000 cap, the provision helps alleviate some of these concerns.

This is a high-level overview of the SECURE Act 2.0. Keep in mind that it is not all-inclusive and some provisions will only apply to certain people. 

Not sure where to start? Feel free to reach out to me and I'm glad to help.

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Here are a couple of recent blogs that were well received:

Starting out: 5 things to consider when saving for retirement.

 Wait. You can help me with that?

In good health.

All the best.

Rick Fingerman, CFP®, CDFA®, CCPS®



Financial Planning Solutions, LLC (FPS) is a Registered Investment Advisor. Financial Planning Solutions, LLC (FPS) provides this blog for informational and educational purposes only. Nothing in this blog should be considered investment, tax, health, or legal advice. FPS only renders personalized advice to each client. Information herein includes opinions and source information that is believed to be reliable. However, such information may not be independently verified by FPS. Please see important disclosures link at the bottom of this page.

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